The father of bone marrow transplantation is Professor Jan Rosenbush (Raszka), who was the first in the world to attempt this medical procedure at the Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv in 1938. He was inspired by the possibility of administering cures directly into the bone marrow. He concluded that leukemia, should be treated with healthy tumour administered intravitreally. This was initially tried on rabbits. The core was taken from the sternum, the recipient and the donor lay parallel on two tables during the procedure.
Only in 1953 became clear that without conditioning of the patient (a preparatory procedure aimed at complete or partial destruction of the patient's hematopoietic system, weakening the immune system in order to make the recipient's organism ready to receive the transplanted new and healthy marrow) a successful transplant was not possible. This was done by Professor Edward Donnall Thomas, who stated that in order for a bone marrow transplant to be successful, it was first necessary to destroy the existing formation of blood in the body and the apparatus he created for conditioning would irradiate the entire human body. Professor Thomas conducted his first tests on dogs. And this was only the beginning of many other discoveries, such as the stem cell, leading to transplantation as we have it today. The history of medicine has been made up of exceptional people and events that have influenced the fate of the world - including the medical world. The development of transplantology and bone marrow donation is the result of many years of work by a lot of outstanding specialists, unprecedented discoveries, and numerous attempts in the 20th century.
In the whole world, in all DKMS databases at the moment there are 10 443 840 people registered and as many as 89 126 of them have donated their chance for life. The DKMS Foundation has been operating in Poland since 2008 as an independent non-profit organisation. It has the status of a Public Benefit Organisation and a Bone Marrow Donor Centre based on the decision of the Minister of Health. Over the last 11 years, the Foundation has registered 1 749 332 potential donors in Poland, which places Poland in third place in Europe and fifth in the world in terms of the number of registered donors.